We have already known what zakat is, how to get it out and its nisab and in this article we will learn about zakat banks, as it is one of the pillars related to Islam imposed by God Almighty on a certain category of Muslims, and it is given to another category in a known amount, which is the third pillar of Islam.
A Muslim pays zakat in its banks determined by Allah.
Allah has said: “Charity for the poor, the needy, those who working on zakat, whose hearts are reconciled, those for the slaves, the debtors, for the sake of Allah and the passer-by, it is an obligation of Allah, and Allah knows wise.” (Al-Tawbah: 60).
?What are the eight Zakat banks
- The poor people: The poor is a person in need, who does not have half of his need or less, and is more in need than the impoverished.
- The impoverished: is a person in need, but less needy than the poor.
- Those who’s working on zakat: They are responsible for collecting zakat or preserving and dispersing it by order of the ruler, so they must have a share of it.
- whose hearts are reconciled: They are the masters who have obedience in their people and whose Islam is hoped, or the Islam of others because of them, or because of the strength of their faith, or to ward off their evil from Muslims.
- those for the slaves: It includes slaves, the release of prisoners and the People of the Book who want to free themselves by paying money to their masters so that they can be helped.
- Debtors: They are debtors who have money and debts to people, even if they are rich, but they have nothing to pay their debt.
- For the sake of Allah: It is zakat and money that is paid to the ruler to equip the army for defending religion and the homeland.
- Ibn al-Sabil or passer-by: A traveler who has lost his money, or does not have enough to return to his country.
?Is it permissible to pay zakat on relatives
After we have known the eight zakat banks, which Allah Almighty specified in the Holy Quran.
Is it permissible to pay zakat on relatives such as father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, etc.?
The answer is yes, zakat on a stranger is charity, but on a neighbor is a charity and a link so its two rewards not just one.
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) when asked about zakat he said: “Giving charity to the poor is charity, and to the blood relative is two, charity and link.”
? Who is not allowed to pay zakat on
The principle say zakat is paid on eight, and those who are permissible to pay zakat on, whether they are relatives or strangers.
As for those who are never allowed to pay zakat on, they are as follows:
- The family of Prophet: (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) has no zakat on the Prophet and his family.
- Rich Muslim: as they are the ones who are imposed to pay zakat on others.
- The infidels: whether they are native, dhimmi or covenanters.
- Apostates from Islam.
- The deceased: and this is disputed, as it is permissible to give charity to the deceased but it is not permissible to pay zakat.
watch also: how do we pay zakat ?
Here we reach to the end and we have known, dear children about the banks of zakat and those who deserve it whether it is permissible for relatives or not as well as people who do not deserve it.